Diseases pdf in the rice common philippines

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018)

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

(PDF) Rice Blast Disease Forecasting for Northern Philippines. The top ten common diseases of children in the Philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases., Our survey throughout the major rice growing districts in the Philippines was conducted from 1988 to 1990. Of the total collected bacterial strains from rice plants with the sheath rot complex and grain discoloration, only 3.6% was pathogenic. Detailed studies to characterize the large remaining portion Of isolated nonpatho- Table 4..

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza

Management of Rice Diseases in Louisiana LOUISIANA STATE. Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to, Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook In 2004, while the name “Joshua’ ranked second in the Top Five Most Common Filipino Names Among Males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. Top 10 Most Common Double-Worded Names Among Males and Females - Philippines, 2005.

Jun 11, 2013 · Diseases in rice 1. DISEASES IN RICEByLove Kumar Sharma 2. LEAF BLAST Caused by Pyriculariagrisea Eye spindle shaped spotsappear on leaves It starts from lower leavesto upper Brown margins withgreyish centre Lesion enlarge, coalesceand kill the leaves Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities

Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities practised during the growing period of the rice crop. Rice straw is the principal feed source after rice harvest Other crop residues such as com and legume stovers are also utilized as feed source whenever available. COMMON DISEASES AND PARASITES In the Philippines, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in the-areas of Bulacan,

Jun 11, 2013 · Diseases in rice 1. DISEASES IN RICEByLove Kumar Sharma 2. LEAF BLAST Caused by Pyriculariagrisea Eye spindle shaped spotsappear on leaves It starts from lower leavesto upper Brown margins withgreyish centre Lesion enlarge, coalesceand kill the leaves The top ten common diseases of children in the Philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases.

Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to Keywords: foodborne diseases, foodborne outbreaks, food safety, Philippines Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018) Maria Patricia V. Azanza *, Bernard Niño Q. Membrebe, Rowena Grace R. Sanchez, Emil Emmanuel C. Estilo,

Listings of weeds that serve as alternate hosts of insect pests and diseases of rice are given. A larval parasite of swarming caterpillar and common cutworm in the Philippines. Int. Rice Res. Newsl.. 1987a, 12, 34–35 Pest Interactions in Rice in the Philippines. In: Grayson B.T., Green M.B., Copping L.G. (eds) Pest Management in Rice. Listings of weeds that serve as alternate hosts of insect pests and diseases of rice are given. A larval parasite of swarming caterpillar and common cutworm in the Philippines. Int. Rice Res. Newsl.. 1987a, 12, 34–35 Pest Interactions in Rice in the Philippines. In: Grayson B.T., Green M.B., Copping L.G. (eds) Pest Management in Rice.

Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities List of maize diseases. Jump to navigation Jump to search Bacterial diseases. Bacterial diseases common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Rice black-streaked dwarf Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) Rice stripe

Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds.

The top ten common diseases of children in the Philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases. Nov 07, 2011 · Common rice diseases in the Philippines 10. Sheath Blight Causal organism : Rhizoctonia solani Symptoms: Greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. Under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11.

practised during the growing period of the rice crop. Rice straw is the principal feed source after rice harvest Other crop residues such as com and legume stovers are also utilized as feed source whenever available. COMMON DISEASES AND PARASITES In the Philippines, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in the-areas of Bulacan, List of maize diseases. Jump to navigation Jump to search Bacterial diseases. Bacterial diseases common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Rice black-streaked dwarf Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) Rice stripe

Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

(PDF) Rice Blast Disease Forecasting for Northern Philippines. Our survey throughout the major rice growing districts in the Philippines was conducted from 1988 to 1990. Of the total collected bacterial strains from rice plants with the sheath rot complex and grain discoloration, only 3.6% was pathogenic. Detailed studies to characterize the large remaining portion Of isolated nonpatho- Table 4., The top ten common diseases of children in the Philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases..

Management of Rice Diseases in Louisiana LOUISIANA STATE

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza. Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds. 196Xa) published by The International Rice Research Institute. The purpose or this publication is to present concisely the important information, available before 1971, pertaining to virus diseases of rice. It is also intended to help trainees. student., and . farmers acquire fundamental know\ledge about ….

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf


Our survey throughout the major rice growing districts in the Philippines was conducted from 1988 to 1990. Of the total collected bacterial strains from rice plants with the sheath rot complex and grain discoloration, only 3.6% was pathogenic. Detailed studies to characterize the large remaining portion Of isolated nonpatho- Table 4. Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to

practised during the growing period of the rice crop. Rice straw is the principal feed source after rice harvest Other crop residues such as com and legume stovers are also utilized as feed source whenever available. COMMON DISEASES AND PARASITES In the Philippines, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in the-areas of Bulacan, Our survey throughout the major rice growing districts in the Philippines was conducted from 1988 to 1990. Of the total collected bacterial strains from rice plants with the sheath rot complex and grain discoloration, only 3.6% was pathogenic. Detailed studies to characterize the large remaining portion Of isolated nonpatho- Table 4.

Keywords: foodborne diseases, foodborne outbreaks, food safety, Philippines Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018) Maria Patricia V. Azanza *, Bernard Niño Q. Membrebe, Rowena Grace R. Sanchez, Emil Emmanuel C. Estilo, Our survey throughout the major rice growing districts in the Philippines was conducted from 1988 to 1990. Of the total collected bacterial strains from rice plants with the sheath rot complex and grain discoloration, only 3.6% was pathogenic. Detailed studies to characterize the large remaining portion Of isolated nonpatho- Table 4.

The top ten common diseases of children in the Philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases. Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds.

List of maize diseases. Jump to navigation Jump to search Bacterial diseases. Bacterial diseases common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Rice black-streaked dwarf Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) Rice stripe Nov 07, 2011 · Common rice diseases in the Philippines 10. Sheath Blight Causal organism : Rhizoctonia solani Symptoms: Greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. Under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11.

Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds.

Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook In 2004, while the name “Joshua’ ranked second in the Top Five Most Common Filipino Names Among Males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. Top 10 Most Common Double-Worded Names Among Males and Females - Philippines, 2005 PDF In this study, digital image processing was incorporated to eliminate the subjectiveness of manual inspection of diseases in rice plant and accurately identify the three common diseases to

List of maize diseases. Jump to navigation Jump to search Bacterial diseases. Bacterial diseases common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Rice black-streaked dwarf Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) Rice stripe Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook In 2004, while the name “Joshua’ ranked second in the Top Five Most Common Filipino Names Among Males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. Top 10 Most Common Double-Worded Names Among Males and Females - Philippines, 2005

practised during the growing period of the rice crop. Rice straw is the principal feed source after rice harvest Other crop residues such as com and legume stovers are also utilized as feed source whenever available. COMMON DISEASES AND PARASITES In the Philippines, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in the-areas of Bulacan, The top ten common diseases of children in the Philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases.

Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities

Rice Diseases Shu Huang Ou Commonwealth Mycological. keywords: foodborne diseases, foodborne outbreaks, food safety, philippines foodborne disease outbreaks in the philippines (2005–2018) maria patricia v. azanza *, bernard niño q. membrebe, rowena grace r. sanchez, emil emmanuel c. estilo,, practised during the growing period of the rice crop. rice straw is the principal feed source after rice harvest other crop residues such as com and legume stovers are also utilized as feed source whenever available. common diseases and parasites in the philippines, foot-and-mouth disease (fmd) is endemic in the-areas of bulacan,).

Our survey throughout the major rice growing districts in the Philippines was conducted from 1988 to 1990. Of the total collected bacterial strains from rice plants with the sheath rot complex and grain discoloration, only 3.6% was pathogenic. Detailed studies to characterize the large remaining portion Of isolated nonpatho- Table 4. Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook In 2004, while the name “Joshua’ ranked second in the Top Five Most Common Filipino Names Among Males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. Top 10 Most Common Double-Worded Names Among Males and Females - Philippines, 2005

Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook In 2004, while the name “Joshua’ ranked second in the Top Five Most Common Filipino Names Among Males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. Top 10 Most Common Double-Worded Names Among Males and Females - Philippines, 2005 Rice Blast Disease Forecasting for Northern Philippines Article (PDF Available) in WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications 12:120-129 · January 2015 with 1,074 Reads

Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook In 2004, while the name “Joshua’ ranked second in the Top Five Most Common Filipino Names Among Males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. Top 10 Most Common Double-Worded Names Among Males and Females - Philippines, 2005 Nov 07, 2011 · Common rice diseases in the Philippines 10. Sheath Blight Causal organism : Rhizoctonia solani Symptoms: Greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. Under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11.

Common terms and phrases Cav panicles pathogenicity phage Philippines Phytopathological Society ofJapan Piricularia oryzae Plant Disease Reporter Plant Protection produced Pyricularia races reaction resistance of rice resistant cultivars rice blast rice blast disease rice cultivars rice diseases rice plant rice varieties sclerotia 196Xa) published by The International Rice Research Institute. The purpose or this publication is to present concisely the important information, available before 1971, pertaining to virus diseases of rice. It is also intended to help trainees. student., and . farmers acquire fundamental know\ledge about …

List of maize diseases. Jump to navigation Jump to search Bacterial diseases. Bacterial diseases common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Rice black-streaked dwarf Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) Rice stripe Listings of weeds that serve as alternate hosts of insect pests and diseases of rice are given. A larval parasite of swarming caterpillar and common cutworm in the Philippines. Int. Rice Res. Newsl.. 1987a, 12, 34–35 Pest Interactions in Rice in the Philippines. In: Grayson B.T., Green M.B., Copping L.G. (eds) Pest Management in Rice.

Common terms and phrases Cav panicles pathogenicity phage Philippines Phytopathological Society ofJapan Piricularia oryzae Plant Disease Reporter Plant Protection produced Pyricularia races reaction resistance of rice resistant cultivars rice blast rice blast disease rice cultivars rice diseases rice plant rice varieties sclerotia Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds.

Nov 07, 2011 · Common rice diseases in the Philippines 10. Sheath Blight Causal organism : Rhizoctonia solani Symptoms: Greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. Under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11. Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds.

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018)

Management of Rice Diseases in Louisiana LOUISIANA STATE. rice blast disease forecasting for northern philippines article (pdf available) in wseas transactions on information science and applications 12:120-129 · january 2015 with 1,074 reads, 196xa) published by the international rice research institute. the purpose or this publication is to present concisely the important information, available before 1971, pertaining to virus diseases of rice. it is also intended to help trainees. student., and . farmers acquire fundamental know\ledge about …); rice and corn situation and outlook in 2004, while the name “joshua’ ranked second in the top five most common filipino names among males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. top 10 most common double-worded names among males and females - philippines, 2005, list of maize diseases. jump to navigation jump to search bacterial diseases. bacterial diseases common corn puccinia sorghi: rust, southern corn puccinia polysora: rust, tropical corn rice black-streaked dwarf rice black-streaked dwarf virus (rbsdv) rice stripe.

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza

(PDF) Rice Blast Disease Forecasting for Northern Philippines. the top ten common diseases of children in the philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases., nov 07, 2011 · common rice diseases in the philippines 10. sheath blight causal organism : rhizoctonia solani symptoms: greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11.).

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

Rice virus diseases University of Delaware

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza. the top ten common diseases of children in the philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases., keywords: foodborne diseases, foodborne outbreaks, food safety, philippines foodborne disease outbreaks in the philippines (2005–2018) maria patricia v. azanza *, bernard niño q. membrebe, rowena grace r. sanchez, emil emmanuel c. estilo,).

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

Rice virus diseases University of Delaware

(PDF) Identification of Diseases in Rice Plant (Oryza. the top ten common diseases of children in the philippines are pneumonia, gastroenteritis, septicemia, diseases of the nervous system and chronic lower respiratory diseases., jun 11, 2013 · diseases in rice 1. diseases in ricebylove kumar sharma 2. leaf blast caused by pyriculariagrisea eye spindle shaped spotsappear on leaves it starts from lower leavesto upper brown margins withgreyish centre lesion enlarge, coalesceand kill the leaves).

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018)

Rice virus diseases University of Delaware. simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. the results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, rice and corn situation and outlook in 2004, while the name “joshua’ ranked second in the top five most common filipino names among males, there were 259 (3.3 percent) more baby boys or a total 8,017 births reported bearing the said name than in 2005. top 10 most common double-worded names among males and females - philippines, 2005).

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018)

Rice Diseases Shu Huang Ou Commonwealth Mycological. rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. this project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds., practised during the growing period of the rice crop. rice straw is the principal feed source after rice harvest other crop residues such as com and legume stovers are also utilized as feed source whenever available. common diseases and parasites in the philippines, foot-and-mouth disease (fmd) is endemic in the-areas of bulacan,).

Rice diseases pose a major threat to rice production. This project will study the use of host resistance and fungicides in combination with the other cultural methods to offer the potential of reducing disease levels below economic thresholds. PDF In this study, digital image processing was incorporated to eliminate the subjectiveness of manual inspection of diseases in rice plant and accurately identify the three common diseases to

Common terms and phrases Cav panicles pathogenicity phage Philippines Phytopathological Society ofJapan Piricularia oryzae Plant Disease Reporter Plant Protection produced Pyricularia races reaction resistance of rice resistant cultivars rice blast rice blast disease rice cultivars rice diseases rice plant rice varieties sclerotia Simple statistical tools and production function were used in this study. The results revealed that common problems encountered by rice farmers were: high cost of inputs, low price of palay, lack of capital, labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities, pest and diseases and irrigation system. labor problem, lack of postharvest facilities

Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to Listings of weeds that serve as alternate hosts of insect pests and diseases of rice are given. A larval parasite of swarming caterpillar and common cutworm in the Philippines. Int. Rice Res. Newsl.. 1987a, 12, 34–35 Pest Interactions in Rice in the Philippines. In: Grayson B.T., Green M.B., Copping L.G. (eds) Pest Management in Rice.

Nov 07, 2011 · Common rice diseases in the Philippines 10. Sheath Blight Causal organism : Rhizoctonia solani Symptoms: Greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. Under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11. Keywords: foodborne diseases, foodborne outbreaks, food safety, Philippines Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018) Maria Patricia V. Azanza *, Bernard Niño Q. Membrebe, Rowena Grace R. Sanchez, Emil Emmanuel C. Estilo,

Keywords: foodborne diseases, foodborne outbreaks, food safety, Philippines Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the Philippines (2005–2018) Maria Patricia V. Azanza *, Bernard Niño Q. Membrebe, Rowena Grace R. Sanchez, Emil Emmanuel C. Estilo, Nov 07, 2011 · Common rice diseases in the Philippines 10. Sheath Blight Causal organism : Rhizoctonia solani Symptoms: Greenish gray lesions are first observed just above the water leveling flooded field. Under favorable conditions, the lesions expand to the upper part of the sheath and extend upward to the leaves and then spread to neighboring tillers. 11.

Apr 11, 2017 · 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines You Should Be Aware Of. April 11, 2017 Emergencies and Calamities, Now that you know the top 10 diseases and medical conditions that cause death in the Philippines, you can make proactive lifestyle choices to reduce your risk of falling victim. A common goal that many Filipinos share is the dream to 196Xa) published by The International Rice Research Institute. The purpose or this publication is to present concisely the important information, available before 1971, pertaining to virus diseases of rice. It is also intended to help trainees. student., and . farmers acquire fundamental know\ledge about …

common rice diseases in the philippines pdf

Rice Diseases Shu Huang Ou Commonwealth Mycological